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Good cop Bad cop: Did the UN Climate Summit really succeed?

Over the past two weeks, the world’s most powerful leaders have gathered in Glasgow for a crucial UN summit. COP26 Deal with Climate crisis..

Not all countries have emerged, but the absence of China and Russia was particularly noticeable. Downing Street was cautiously optimistic About how participating countries negotiated for their reduction Environmental impact.

But how successful was the summit? And was it enough to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels?

Here is a breakdown of all the highs and lows in the last two weeks.

Who went?

Good COP

Bad COP

  • With Xi Jinping of China Russian Vladimir Putin Refused to attend directly, despite both countries being major contributors CO2 emissions.

  • Dettol is an event hygiene partner, a company owned by Reckitt Benquiser, which still uses palm oil and does not reduce deforestation from its supply chain.

  • Microsoft, SSE and Unilever played a key role in COP26, but have been criticized for not implementing their own environmentally friendly policies.

  • With billionaire Amazon founder Jeff Bezos The event had a platform, although it emits a lot of CO2 and has been criticized for its 10-minute journey into space.

  • The fossil fuel company sent the largest delegation to the summit, with more than 500 people involved in the industry.

COP26 has been criticized for not being comprehensive enough for the panel

Healthcare and welfare pledge

Good COP

  • Fifty countries have pledged to develop low-carbon and sustainable health systems that can withstand the effects of climate change.

  • 45 vowed to make changes to make the current system more sustainable.

  • 14 has a deadline before 2050 and will reach net zero by then.

  • This was the first time any COP had its own health pavilion, even though the healthcare sector accounts for nearly 5% of CO2 emissions.

Bad COP

  • Low- and middle-income countries are already struggling to provide regular access to health care. In short, it can be difficult to build a more environmentally friendly healthcare facility.

  • Extreme weather usually causes a health crisis, and poor countries have less protection against climate change, which leads to a battle against time.

sex

Good COP

Bad COP

XR protesters campaigning to protect Amazon
XR protesters campaigning to protect Amazon

SOPA images via Getty Images

deforestation

Good COP

  • More than 100 countries, accounting for 85% of the world’s forests, have agreed to end and reverse deforestation By 2030.

  • The pledge also includes $ 19.2 billion (£ 14 billion) in public and private funding behind it.

Bad COP

  • Indonesia, which has the third largest rainforest in the world, began withdrawing its deforestation agreement a few days after signing the agreement.

  • The State’s Minister of the Environment said it was “inappropriate and unfair” to force Indonesia to promise zero deforestation in 2030.

“Even with all the new Glasgow pledges in 2030, we will emit about twice as much in 2030 as we need at 1.5 degrees Celsius.”

-Climate action tracker

Comprehensiveness

Good COP

  • Five countries and some global charities have pledged $ 1.7 billion (£ 1.27 billion) to support indigenous groups’ forest conservation efforts and strengthen land rights.

  • COP26 claimed to have made “continuous” efforts to create a “comprehensive, accessible and secure summit.”

Bad COP

  • Not everyone there was even able to attend the meeting. Israeli Energy Minister Karine Elharrar was unable to enter the venue on the first day of the meeting due to lack of wheelchair access.

  • Others have noticed that there are no sign language interpreters around the event.

  • The general public Can’t engage Even if not everyone with tickets was in, one day the venue was “full”, so at the summit.

  • vaccination Inequality meant that many from poor countries were already unable to attend meetings over Covid’s fears.

  • According to campaign officials, the Global North and Global South are expected to be most affected by the climate crisis, but COP26 was dominated by a white, rich voice. Assadleyman.

  • There were reports that black, brown, and indigenous activists were removed from major events, cropped from certain photos, and their names removed from the event’s main program.

  • Some said their speech was also withdrawn from the United Nations climate change channel and world leaders left the room before they began speaking.

Minga Indigena, a group of indigenous leaders participating in official and alternative events at the COP26 Climate Summit
Minga Indigena, a group of indigenous leaders participating in official and alternative events at the COP26 Climate Summit

Ian Forsyth via Getty Images

Climate finance

Good COP

  • Japan has promised to donate an additional $ 10 billion (£ 7.3 billion) to climate funding over a five-year period.

  • This means that the richest developed nations have the potential to reach their annual goal of $ 100 billion (£ 73 billion) faster than expected.

  • This money will be used to help developing countries reduce their CO2 emissions and adapt to extreme weather events.

  • The UK has promised £ 290m to help poor countries adapt to extreme climate change.

Bad COP

  • Developed countries still long path From their goal of reaching $ 100 billion (£ 73.4 billion) annually.

  • The UK’s share comes from “new funding” from the foreign aid budget, which has recently been reduced to 0.5% of national income. This cut will not be released until at least 2024-25.

  • Many countries are still pouring money Fossil fuel company.

Largest carbon pollutants from burning fossil fuels
Largest carbon pollutants from burning fossil fuels

PAGraphicsPress Association Image

Net zero

Good COP

  • India has promised to reach net zero carbon emissions by 2070.

  • Other developed countries have vowed to reach it by 2050.

  • In another commitment, 20 countries have promised to end public funding for overseas “unabated” fossil fuel projects by the end of 2022. That is, coal, oil and natural gas are only extracted if there is technology to capture CO2 emissions.

  • More than 40 countries have agreed to move away from fossil fuels and fund clean, green technologies to make them cheaper than alternative fuels by 2030.

  • World leaders have signed a pledge to reduce methane in heating gas by 30% by 2030.

  • This can reduce the temperature rise of the earth by 0.1 to 0.2 degrees Celsius.

Bad COP

  • Estimated 400 planes flew to Glasgow This allowed delegations from around the world to participate in groundbreaking talks.

  • Neither the United States nor China, two of the world’s most coal-dependent countries, have signed to quit coal.

  • According to a recent UNEP report, current climate change efforts will raise global temperatures by 2.2 to 2.7 degrees Celsius by 2100.

Russian factory set to produce methane
Russian factory set to produce methane

Yuri Sumichuk via Getty Images

US-China Agreement

Good COP

  • The United States has worked closely with China to reach an unexpected agreement to reduce CO2 emissions over the next decade.

  • They vowed to control decarbonization, methane emissions and combat deforestation by meeting regularly.

  • As two of the world’s largest CO2 emissions, this was a significant step forward.

Bad COP

  • The deal lacked the actual commitment to reduce the gas that traps heat, leaving details ambiguous.

  • China did not offer a new pledge after announcing the deal, even though it did not attend the summit.

The Cop26 delegation is waiting in line for admission to the Summit at the Scottish Exhibition Center in Glasgow.
The Cop26 delegation is waiting in line for admission to the Summit at the Scottish Exhibition Center in Glasgow.

Daniel Barker via PA Wire / PA Images

Is any one enough?

  • The Climate Action Tracker argued that the pledge itself is still a long way to go to reach the UN goal of rising 1.5 degrees Celsius over the next 80 years.

  • “Even with all the new Glasgow commitments in 2030, there will be about twice as much emissions in 2030 as we need at 1.5 degrees Celsius. Therefore, all governments need to rethink their goals. I have.”

  • This comment was made in an “optimistic scenario” in which countries reach their non-legally binding “net zero” promise.

  • At this rate, the climate rises 1.8 degrees Celsius. This is a recurring forecast by the International Energy Agency.

  • Scientists say the only way to reach that is to reduce global greenhouse gas emissions by 45% by 2030 and reach net zero by 2050.

  • The final deal was described as “an agreement that we all cross our fingers and expect the best.” Jennifer Morgan from Greenpeace.



Good cop Bad cop: Did the UN Climate Summit really succeed?

Source link Good cop Bad cop: Did the UN Climate Summit really succeed?

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