Skilled migration outside London is dominated by the health sector, according to figures suggesting that only capital is likely to enjoy the full economic benefits of the post-Brexit visa system.
London employers have been more dependent on immigrant labor than elsewhere in the UK. About 45% of the capital’s labor force is foreign-born, but 18% of the country as a whole.
Immigrants via skilled worker visa routes have been concentrated in the capital in recent years, according to a report Tuesday by the Oxford University Immigration Observatory.
Between 2016 and 2020, London was the destination for 44% of skilled work visa holders, but only 14% of the UK population. Immigrants prior to visa application or application to extend existing application.
The Observatory said employers in London used skilled work visas in a wide range of industries, especially financial, professional and scientific activities, and IT.
However, since 2015, the demand for skilled workers in these areas has leveled off, and the demand for health care workers has grown rapidly due to the relaxation of immigration rules in the sector and a clear NHS strategy abroad.
This means that the regional patterns of immigrants are changing. This is driving demand outside London, which will account for 60% of sponsorship certificates in other regions by 2020, even though the health sector has a small share of skilled immigrants to the capital. Because.
“London uses these visas in a very different way than in other countries … Outside of London, it’s a medical visa,” said Madrin Sampsion, director of the Immigration Observatory.
She said that the continued control of the capital of skilled migrants in areas other than health may reflect not only the local employers’ lack of familiarity with the sponsorship system, but also the migrants’ own preferences. Said there is.
This will affect the government Level up the proceedingsShe added. It suggests that most regions do not fully benefit from the types of highly skilled migration that are most likely to boost the local economy.
London is the most affected Decreased migration Caused by COVID pandemic.. The number of skilled work visas granted peaked at 37,000 in 2019 and decreased by 8,000, or 22 percent, the following year. Three-quarters of this decline occurred in the capital as cross-border employment stagnated in the city, but the pace continued in the health sector.
But despite the double blows of post-Brexit policy and pandemics, Mr. Sampsion said the apparent decline in London’s “attractiveness” was “probably a momentary trend rather than a long-term trend.” ..
Since its inception in 2021, employers have had to use the skilled worker route when hiring from the EU under the post-Brexit immigration system.
According to the Observatory, London drew the largest share of EU citizens passing this route in early 2021 compared to other parts of the country. However, he added that the numbers are too small to affect the overall balance of migration between the capital and the region.
Cross-border recruitment is still being driven by the health sector, and “how quickly capital recovers” is not yet known.
Healthcare sector dominates skilled migration outside London
Source link Healthcare sector dominates skilled migration outside London