Mental health diseases are increasing at an alarming rate worldwide. With the increase in trends of technology which is making man capable of 3D printers, gene, and cell therapy, temperature controlled storage and distribution of drugs, an online forum for everything, and especially social media, the world is just a touch away. Many are blaming increased social media usage and dependence on technology as the causes of rising mental health issues. And it seems that there is truth in that speculation. A 2018 British study tied up increased social media use to reduced sleep quality which in turn causes depression and affects memory. But how bad is the condition of mental health diseases in the world, especially in the United Kingdom? Let’s dive right in!
The response of the body in form of muscle tension or fight and flight is elicited by apprehension about what’s to come.
In England alone, by 2013 there were 8.2 million cases of anxiety with women being twice more likely to be diagnosed with anxiety than men. The weekly prevalence of general anxiety in the UK is 6.6%.
The highest anxiety scores of 3.43 in the 0-10 range were seen in the fourth quarter of 2020.
Bipolar disorder is a mood disorder with severe mood swings causing shifts in depression, energetic spans, concentration, and focus levels. It is the fourth most prevalent mental disorder worldwide. By 2013, there were 4 million cases of mood disorders. Young adults are more likely to get bipolar disorder.
Depressive disorder is characterized by a loss of interest in life, general listlessness, feeling of guilt and low self-worth, poor sleep and appetite, and poor focus. Depression is the most common mental health disorder and by 2014, 19.7% of people under age 16 showed symptoms of either depression or anxiety. The depressive symptoms surveyed in march 2021 showed a staggering result – 21% of people who partake in the survey had moderate to severe symptoms of depression.
Schizophrenia refers to a breakdown between thought, perception, and emotion leading to faulty actions and withdrawal from reality and relationships. Schizophrenia is one of the leading mental health disorders of the present age. In the United Kingdom, the prevalence of schizophrenia is 0.7 percent. It begins in early adulthood but rarely before age 10. In the UK, schizophrenia is approximately 14.5 per 1000 people.
In the modern world, stress has become a constant state for most adults. In 2018, a survey showed that 74% of adults I-e three-quarters of the adult population became overwhelmed at one or another during the last year that they found it difficult to cope with. The ratio of stress in women is more than in men. 32% of the adults spiraled down to suicidal thoughts as a result of stress and 16 percent of them self-harmed due to stressful conditions of life.
Mental health problems are rising at an alarming rate. The awareness and availability of treatment are also increasing exponentially. A positive outcome is that the stigma for mental health disorders is decreasing as the world is progressing but we still have a long way to go.