How do you catch monkeypox?
Until this global outbreak, monkeypox was commonly spread in western and central Africa by infected rodents (including rats, mice, and even squirrels).
Humans can contract the disease from the same family as smallpox by being bitten by an infected animal, coming into contact with blood, body fluids, or scabs, or by eating wild game or shrub meat.
The orthopox virus that causes monkeypox can enter the body not only through the eyes, nose, and mouth, but also through broken skin such as the eyes, nose, and mouth.
Monkeypox is primarily spread by wild animals, but it was known that it could be transmitted from person to person. But health chiefs claim it was extremely rare until the current outbreak.
Human-to-human transmission can occur when someone touches clothing or bedding used by an infected person or comes into direct contact with a crust of the virus. The virus can also be transmitted through coughs and sneezes.
With cases surging, experts believe the virus is transmitted through skin-to-skin contact during sex, but this exact mechanism has never been seen before.
How deadly is it?
Monkeypox is usually mild and most people recover within a few weeks without treatment.
Still sick Kills up to 10% of cases. However, this high rate is thought to be partly due to historical lack of testing, which is not one in ten of all infections, but one in ten known cases. This means that one of the
However, with milder strains, the fatality rate approaches 1 in 100, similar to when Covid first hit.
The West African virus, which is milder than the Central African strain, is behind the current spread. No deaths have been reported as part of the ongoing outbreak.
how is it tested?
Monkeypox can be difficult to diagnose because it is often confused with other infections, such as chickenpox.
However, when a case is suspected, doctors send samples to local health authorities to be tested for orthopoxvirus, a family of viruses that includes monkeypox and smallpox. If the results are positive, the sample is sent to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) or a private laboratory for confirmatory testing.
For this test, a sample is taken from a skin lesion, such as a piece of scab, fluid leaking from it, or a piece of dry crust.
What are the symptoms?
It can take up to 3 weeks for a person infected with monkeypox to develop obvious symptoms.
Early signs of the virus include fever, headache, muscle aches, back pain, swollen lymph nodes, chills, and fatigue. This means that, in theory, it could be mistaken for other common ailments.
However, its most unusual feature is a rash that often begins on the face and spreads to other parts of the body, usually the hands and feet.
The rash changes and goes through various stages before finally forming a scab, which then flakes off.
How long are people contagious?
A person is contagious from the time the rash appears until all the scabs fall off, leaving intact skin underneath.
Scabs may also contain infectious viral material.
The infectious period is thought to last up to 3 weeks, but there are individual differences.
What should I do if I have symptoms?
CDC advises anyone with an unexplained rash or other warning signs to contact their healthcare provider for a medical evaluation and monkeypox test. Those without insurance must visit a public health clinic.
Suspected patients should also avoid close contact with other people, including sex and intimate relationships, they added.
It is also recommended that they wear a mask when visiting a clinic and remind their health care providers that the virus is circulating in the area. Since most cases have been detected in men with
What is monkeypox?
Monkeypox was first discovered in 1958 when a smallpox-like disease broke out in monkeys kept for research.
The first human case was recorded in the Democratic Republic of the Congo in 1970, and since then infections have been reported in many Central and West African countries.
Only a handful of cases have been reported outside of Africa and were confined to people with travel links to the African continent.
The UK, US, Israel and Singapore are the only countries to detect the virus before May 2022.
But as testing stepped up globally, cases were quickly detected in other countries as well, with the first case in the United States in May being a man who had recently driven back from Canada.
Monkeypox is a rare viral infection that kills 1 in 10 people who get it, but it doesn’t spread easily between people. The tropical disease is endemic in parts of Africa and is known for its rare and unusual rashes, bumps and lesions (file photo)
Nurses and doctors are advised to remain “vigilant” for patients presenting with new rashes or crusted lesions (as described above).
Is it related to chicken pox?
Chickenpox is not related to monkeypox, although it causes a similar rash.
This infection, which usually affects children, is caused by the varicella zoster virus.
For comparison, monkeypox, like smallpox, is an orthopoxvirus. Due to this association, smallpox vaccines also offer protection against m.Onkeypox.
Are young people more vulnerable?
According to the World Health Organization, Americans under the age of 50 may be susceptible to monkeypox.
This is because until 1972, American children were routinely provided with smallpox shots to prevent monkeypox. The program was discontinued once smallpox was eradicated.
The WHO also warns that the fatality rate is higher among young children.
Will it spread as easily as Covid?
Leading experts argue that no Covid-style levels of transmission have been seen in the monkeypox outbreak.
A World Health Organization report last year suggested that the virus’ natural R-rate (the number of people each patient would infect if they lived a normal life while ill) was 2.
This is lower than the original Wuhan variant of Covid and about one-third the R rate of the Indian “delta” strain.
However, the actual incidence is likely to be much lower, as “characteristic symptoms greatly aid in early detection and containment,” the team said. That means it’s easy to find and isolate cases.
Covid is mainly spread through droplets that an infected person emits every time they breathe, talk, cough or sneeze.
There are several smallpox antiviral drugs and treatments that appear to be effective against monkeypox. Among them are Tecovirimat, which he approved in August for monkeypox, and his TPOXX in the US.
Is there a vaccine for it?
The smallpox vaccine, called Imvanex in the UK and Jynneos in the US, can prevent monkeypox because the viruses behind the disease are closely related.
Data show it prevents about 85% of cases and has been in use in the US since 2019.
Estimated to cost $24.16 per dose, the jab contains a modified live vaccinia virus that resembles both smallpox and monkeypox but does not cause disease in humans.
Due to its resemblance to poxviruses, antibodies raised against this virus provide cross-protection.
Are there any medicines to treat it?
There are several antiviral drugs and treatments for smallpox that appear to be effective against monkeypox.
This includes the drug tecovirimato, also known as TPOXX, which was approved for monkeypox in the United States in August.
Tecovirimat prevents the virus from leaving infected cells and prevents the spread of the virus in the body.
According to the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), an injectable antiviral drug used to treat AIDS called cidofovir can be used to control the infection.
It also works by stopping the growth of viruses.
https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-11346849/New-York-City-records-two-monkeypox-deaths.html?ns_mchannel=rss&ns_campaign=1490&ito=1490 New York City records first two deaths from monkeypox